The guidelines on this page adhere to the following editions of the style manuals:
Duke University's guide to citing sources. The site offers comparison citation tables with examples from APA , Chicago , MLA and Turabian for both print and electronic works.
The endnote/footnote and bibliography styles for references are featured in Doc's guide, the author-date system is not covered. The guide was revised in Fall 2017, updated to the current Turabian manual (2013) and Chicago Manual of Style (2010). MLA Handbook? The 2016 version (8th ed.) is no longer a handbook for "Writers of Research Papers." It is just the MLA Handbook (period). The editors argue, "today academic work can take many forms other than the research paper" so a handbook for research papers is too limiting. The style also insists on references to unrecoverable sources (letters, emails, missing web pages), unacceptable in serious scholarship. The "container" system for references is too tedious to be useful, other changes do not add clarity.
Like e-mail and text messages, comments posted on a social networking service may be cited in running text ("In a message posted to her Twitter account on August 25, 2011, . . .") instead of in parentheses, and they are rarely listed in a reference list. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation.
Reconstructed Website: Fall 2017 Doc's website has been rebuilt and brought up to date. The rebuilding process recycled words from the previous website and ...
Material on this page adapted from Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 8th ed. In manual, see , , , -, -, , , , .